Illustration from

Kitab al-Diryaq, 1198

Probably from northern Mesopotamia, in the Ayyubid Sultanate.

Folio 15, Medicine: Pharmacopoeia.


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Kitab al-Diryaq (the Book of Antidotes) by Pseudo-Gallen, probably northern Mesopotamia, 1198CE. Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, Ms. Arabe 2964.



Referenced on p71, EH - 001 - Essential Histories. The Crusades. by David Nicolle
Folio 15. Men and women watch a physician preparing medicines, in a manuscript made in northern Iraq at the end of the 12th century. Islamic medicine and surgery techniques were, of course, far in advance of those of Christian Western Europe. This manuscript also includes numerous views of everyday life, such as the women's and children's costumes, the half starved beggar and the special form of oven seen here.

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