Battle of Dreux, 1562, showing mounted French arquebusiers and infantry, with Lansknechts in 'pluderhosen' on right.
French musketeer circa 1585. Hat black, ruff white, bandolier blue, upper sleeves red and white, lower orange and white; breeches orange with gold trim, stockings blue. Has either copper coloured cuirasse or possibly sleeveless leather jacket.
French flags. a the standard pattern. White cross of France. Background variable, in Italian Wars often red, but could also be striped as in b and c, or carried in alternative shapes as d and e. The older regiments carried 'a' with the following backgrounds: Gardes Francaises - blue; Picardy - scarlet; Navarre - russet; Champagne - green; Piedmont - black. f Royal Standard. Gold fleur-de-lys on blue background until Henry IV's reign, then and afterwards white. g cavalry flag 1643. Many had devices and slogans like this, but could also be a small square version of 'a', h and i banners of Francis I's gendarmes (probably Royal Guard). Red or red and yellow with gold salamander ('h'); St Michael and dragon ('i'). Suns often appear on similar flags. j Catholic flag of the Wars of Religion. Background green with black and gold St Michael, wings and cross on shield white, dragon gold, red blood, anchor silver. k infantry (left) and cavalry flags, also from the Wars of Religion.
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See also A 1506 print of the Battle of Fornovo 1495
Louis XII and his uniformed guard in Les Alarmes de Mars sur le voyage de Milan, 1507, BnF MS Français 5089
Le Voyage de Gênes (The Journey to Genoa) by Jean Marot, 1510-1520, BnF MS Français 5091
France: 16th-Century Military Costume by Racinet
France: 16th-Century Peasants And Soldiers by Racinet
Soldiers in the 'The Sack of Lyon by the Calvinist Reformers', (formerly attribured to Pierre Caron), France, 1565
French Soldier in Recuiel de la diversite des habits qui sont present en usage, tantes pays d'Europe by Francois Desprez, Paris, 1567
Flags, Uniforms and Fieldsigns of The Huguenots